Seed planted too early result in overgrown plants that are yellow, crooked and before it is even time to transplant them outdoors. Thus, it is critical to properly time the planting of new seed so young seedlings will be large enough to transplant in the garden when the danger of a late frost is over.
To determine when to start the seed, check the outdoor sowing time on the seed packet or last late frost date for your location. In western Kentucky, the last date for a frost generally is the last week in April through the first week in May; central Kentucky, mid-May; and eastern Kentucky, last week in May. Plant seed three to four weeks prior to the recommended seed packet date, or time for the last late frost. An exception is squash and cucumbers, which require only seven to 10 days for seedlings to grow large enough to transplant in the garden.
When it's time to plant seed, gently press potting soil into each small container; add two seed per container at the depth recommended on the package, and put them in leak-proof trays. Unless you are using a peat product, be sure containers have at least one drainage hole.
Then, slowly water each small container to saturate the potting mix, using slightly warm tap water. Never allow containers to sit in standing water. Throw away excess water that seeps into the trays. A kitchen baster is a good tool to remove water.
Put the leak-proof trays in a warm location such as the top of a refrigerator or to help seed germinate, usually in seven to 10 days. A sprout emerging from the potting mix indicates germination.
Plants need a bright area to grow indoors, but unfiltered sunlight will dry out the containers too quickly.
After seed germinate, move the trays to a south window or sunroom with filtered light. An alternative is to put incandescent or fluorescent bulbs 6 to 8 inches from the containers to provide light necessary for germination. Leave the lights on all the time, and occasionally rotate plants that begin to grow toward the light source.
Fluorescent lights are preferable because they do not get as hot as incandescent lights.
A hot bed or cold frame may be a good investment for gardeners planning to grow lots of seedlings to transplant each year.
It is critical for newly-germinated seedlings to have water available for the next two to three weeks, so frequently check the moisture content with your finger to keep from damaging tender roots.
Carefully and consistently water when the soil feels dry a little below the surface for the first two weeks. You can slowly apply a water-solublefertilizer the third week. Be sure to follow instructions for the amount of fertilizer to use.
To avoid common problems starting seed indoors, use a high-quality starter mix; don't plant seed too early; select a warm area to germinate seed; provide light for seedlings to grow; and keep seedlings moderately moist.
For more information on other gardening or horticultural topics, contact the Boyle County Cooperative Extension Service.
She'll take two
Mrs. Fleshman goes to the butcher shop to buy a chicken for the Sunday meal.
The butcher has only one scrawny chicken left. He puts it on the scale.
"Three pounds," he says.
"That's too scrawny; don't you have something bigger?" Mrs. Fleshman asks.
He pretends to rummage around, and then puts the same chicken back on the scale, while pressing with his thumb.
"Three and a half pounds," he says.
"That looks better," says Mrs. Fleshman. "I'll take them both."
Jerry Little is Boyle County extension agent for agriculture and natural resources.