Moles are remarkable animals known for their specialized abilities for life underground. They are seldom seen by humans and are often mistaken for pocket gophers, mice or shrews.
In fact, the mole is not closely related to any small mammal except the shrew, both belonging to the mammalian order Insectivora. Moles often come into conflict with homeowners when they burrow in yards.
Moles are not rodents and do not have characteristic rodent features such as large, sharp front teeth. Rather, they have sharp, pointed teeth — like a cat — used for catching and eating grubs and earthworms. The mole’s most remarkable features are its adaptations for life underground.
Mole facts and biology
The eastern mole is the most common and abundant mole in Kentucky and can be found in a variety of habitats dominated by loose, well-drained soil. Moles are found in lawns, cemeteries, golf courses, pastures, meadows, woodlands, sandy soils near streams and light, loamy soils in the Bluegrass region.
Since they are adapted for life underground, they construct extensive underground tunnels, using two types: shallow surface tunnels in the spring, summer and fall, and deep permanent tunnels used year-round as the main avenues of travel.